Petersburg 1864-65: The longest siege (Campaign)

By Ron Field

In 1864, Petersburg, Virginia grew to become the atmosphere for one of many final nice campaigns of the yankee Civil battle (1861-1865) and the longest siege in American background. After his failure to catch Richmond within the Spring, basic Ulysses S. provide made up our minds to strangle the lifestyles out of the accomplice military of Northern Virginia by way of surrounding town of Petersburg and removing normal Robert E. Lee's provide strains.

The resulting siege might keep on for almost ten months, contain 160,000 infantrymen, and spot a few pitched battles together with the conflict of the Crater, Reams Station, Hatcher's Run, and White Oak street. yet round those battles have been lengthy days of residing in trenches, enduring terrible vitamin and iciness climate, and ache consistent artillery bombardment. In April of 1865, provide ordered a sweeping offensive opposed to the beleaguered Confederates, which broke Lee's correct flank and compelled him to retreat to Appomattox court docket residence, the place he surrendered every week later.

Written by way of knowledgeable at the American Civil warfare, this booklet examines the final conflict among the armies of U.S. provide and Robert E. Lee.

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On July 30 the mine is detonated below Elliott's Salient. The Union IX Corps, supported by way of parts of the V and XVIII Corps, fails to wreck in the course of the accomplice strains, and plenty of of its males are trapped and killed, wounded or captured within the Crater in the course of a accomplice counterattack led by means of Mahone. August 18, 1864. The Union V Corps mounts a moment try and minimize the Weldon Railroad. Griffin's department destroys the tracks whereas Ayres' department, supported by means of Crawford's department, holds off a accomplice counterattack. Hill's III Corps counterattacks the following day and the V Corps withdraws to Globe Tavern and digs in. Lee is repulsed and loses keep an eye on of the higher a part of the Weldon Railroad. August 21,1864. The Union 1st and second divisions, II Corps proceed the destruction of the reduce a part of the Weldon Railroad close to Reams' Station. day after today, the accomplice IIi Corps plus Wade Hampton's cavalry assault and holiday in the course of the defective Union earthworks, forcing Hancock to withdraw by means of the top of the day. 7 September 30, 1864. components of the Union V and IX Corps, plus Gregg's cavalry, boost westward to chop the Boydton Plank street and Southside Railroad, and assault accomplice earthworks at Peebles' Farm. Hill counterattacks and drives them again to Pegram's Farm. A accomplice flanking assault alongside SqUirrel point street is repulsed day after today. strengthened by means of components of the II Corps, Union forces proceed to develop on October 2 and expand the Union strains to Peebles' and Pegram's farms. The II, V, and IX Corps, plus Gregg's cavalry department, catch the Boydton Plank highway on October 27-28, yet a accomplice counterattack through Heth's department and Hampton's cavalry close to Burgess' Mill isolates the II Corps and forces a retreat. The Confederates preserve regulate of the Boydton Plank street for the remainder of the wintry weather. S February five, 1865. Gregg's cavalry, shielded by way of the V and II Corps, try and trap the Boydton Plank highway, yet are repulsed through parts of Gordon's II Corps and Hill's III Corps on the conflict of Hatcher's Run. Union forces dig in and expand their siege traces to the Vaughan highway. nine March 25, 1865. making an attempt a breakout of the siege traces, Gordon's corps assaults castle Stedman yet is repulsed by means of a Union counterattack geared up by way of Hartranft's third department, IX Corps. 10 March 29 and 31, 1865. Sheridan's cavalry and the V Corps grab regulate of the Boydton Plank highway and strength the Confederates below Bushrod Johnson again to the White Oak Swamp highway. Pickett's Corps is remoted and compelled to withdraw, leaving the Southside Railroad undefended. eleven April 1, 1865. Sheridan defeats Pickett at 5 Forks and captures the SouthSide Railroad. supply orders an strengthen alongside the entire entrance, and Petersburg falls day after today. five The gallant protection of the small garrison at an unfinished accomplice earthwork known as castle Gregg obtained the time Robert E. Lee wanted with a purpose to behavior a withdrawal from Petersburg and Richmond through the evening of April 2-3, 186S. Serving one of many weapons, a accomplice cannoneer is proven pulling the lanyard as Union troops hurricane over the breastworks in the interim the fortress fell.

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