By Stephen W. Sears
To the Gates of Richmond charts the Peninsula crusade of 1862, normal George McClellan's grand scheme to march up the Virginia Peninsula and take the accomplice capital. for 3 months McClellan battled his approach towards Richmond, yet then Robert E. Lee took command of the accomplice forces. In seven days, Lee drove the wary McClellan out, thereby altering the process the struggle. clever and good researched, To the Gates of Richmond vividly recounts one of many bloodiest battles of the Civil struggle.
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Additional info for To the Gates of Richmond: The Peninsula Campaign
Of the 29,500 males within the 3 divisions below his command that day, Longstreet controlled to get simply 12,500 into the Seven Pines conflict. As for Silas Casey’s department, its failed protection of the 1st line of entrenchments accomplished it as a good strength. The novices of the 103rd Pennsylvania had run on the first hearth and heavy straggling tired different regiments, yet might be two-thirds of the 6,200 males on accountability within the department that day stood and fought, at the least for a time. Now that they had had adequate, and nice numbers of them didn't cease on the moment defensive line at Seven Pines yet moved quickly on towards the rear. basic Heintzelman and different officials finally controlled to rally a few of them, yet Heintzelman warned headquarters that the department may perhaps now not be trusted. A column of 3rd Corps reinforcements came upon the line so crowded with stragglers from front that the lads needed to repair bayonets to strength their means although. a part of the third Michigan was once deployed as a provost defend and in an hour accumulated 1000 fugitives, so much of them Casey’s males. It used to be acknowledged that one other thousand escaped around the Chickahominy. The conflict at Seven Pines was once now carried on by means of Darius Couch’s department and by way of of Phil Kearny’s brigades from the 3rd Corps. an immense challenge for the Federals during this battling was once disjointed command. From the outset regiments from various brigades have been intermixed in assembly the predicament, and there has been confusion over who could be obeyed. within the absence in their personal brigade commanders regiments tended to boost or retreat in keeping with the simplest judgment in their colonels. At one aspect common Casey known as at the tenth Massachusetts of Couch’s department to return to his reduction, yet its colonel refused to boost with no orders from his personal basic. Later common Keyes occurred via and the Massachusetts colonel agreed to simply accept the corps commander’s order to enhance. Early within the battling basic sofa led a counterattack in my opinion, was once repulsed and bring to a halt, and with Rebels after him “at an entire run” needed to beat a retreat to reasonable Oaks Station a mile away. For the remainder of the day Couch’s department fought at Seven Pines with no its normal. Corps commanders Keyes and Heintzelman have been major from up entrance through necessity, and either generals had their horses hit and narrowly escaped damage themselves. (D. H. Hill additionally uncovered himself to the enemy’s fireplace this present day, yet he did so intentionally. “I observed that our males have been wavering,” he defined, “and i wished to provide them self assurance. ”) during this fight for the second one line of Federal defenses, Robert Rodes’s brigade south of the Williamsburg street used to be pitted opposed to a brigade of Couch’s and a reinforcing brigade from Phil Kearny’s department, and the end result used to be a bloody stalemate within which neither part may benefit. as well as his 3 Alabama regiments and one from Mississippi, Rodes had a regiment of Virginians initially knowledgeable as artillerymen whose specific abilities now grew to become very worthwhile. Rodes published the Virginians within the captured redoubt, the place they became Casey’s weapons round and fired them on the Yankees.